Depression is a psychiatric pathology, characterized by:
- Persistent distress;
- Loss of interest in activities that normally give pleasure;
- Difficulty in carrying out the simplest daily actions;
- Low self-esteem.
Depression can prevent people from working and taking part in family and social life, until they reach a real social and work disability, with consequences for the quality of life of the person and those close to him.
Depressive Disorder is a multifactorial disorder where genetic, biological and psychosocial aspects interact with each other.
Depression manifests itself through numerous symptoms, synthesized in four major areas:
- Somatics: sense of fatigue, nervousness, weight loss or gain, sleep disorders, lack of sexual desire, physical pain etc.;
- Emotional: sadness, anguish, despair, guilt, lack of hope in the future, loss of interest in any activity, etc.;
- Behavioral: reduction of daily activities, social isolation, passive behaviors, etc.;
- Cognitive: decision-making inability, disturbances in concentration and memory, slowed time perception, etc.